Near infrared spectroscopy with a vascular occlusion test as a biomarker in children with mitochondrial and other neuro-genetic disorders

by Sainath Raman, Latifa Chentouf, Catherine DeVile, Mark J. Peters, Shamima Rahman

Background

Mitochondrial and neurogenetic diseases can present diagnostic challenges. We investigated if near infrared spectroscopy with the vascular occlusion test is able to differentiate between children with mitochondrial disease and children with neurogenetic disease or healthy controls.

Methods

Prospective observational study conducted in a tertiary children’s hospital.

Results

Forty-three children with mitochondrial disease (including both genetically confirmed primary mitochondrial disease and cases with biochemical evidence of mitochondrial dysfunction), 19 children with non-mitochondrial neurogenetic disease and 13 healthy controls were recruited. The delta tissue oxygen index (ΔTOI) values showed greater variability amongst children with mitochondrial disease and neurogenetic disease than healthy controls despite the median ΔTOI being similar (median 14.1 and 18.8, t-test, p = 0.16). A low ΔTOI identifies cases with a higher probability of mitochondrial disease or neurogenetic disease compared to healthy controls (positive likelihood ratio: 3.67; 95%CI:1.01–13). A high ΔTOI with the near infrared spectroscopy with vascular occlusion test identifies cases with a lower probability of having a disease (negative likelihood ratio: 0.51; 95%CI:0.36–0.74).

Conclusion

Near infrared spectroscopy with vascular occlusion test might be able to discriminate children with mitochondrial disease and neurogenetic disease from healthy controls.

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